Legend for Species Pages. (smooth brome) into native fescue grassland. Smooth Brome can be an invasive species in some areas. Introduced as a forage plant from Eurasia over 130 years ago, its drought tolerance fast-tracked its popularity after the Dust Bowl era. system allows it to tolerate prolonged drought conditions. ... State Lists - This map identifies those states that have this species on their invasive species list or law. inermis – smooth brome Variety: Bromus inermis Leyss. It may be necessary to burn for 3 consecutive years to adequately control non-native grasses. Habitat: Smooth brome is widely cultivated as an excellent hay an pasture grass, and as a soil cinder along roadsides, eroded banks, etc., throughout Ontario. Smooth brome is often planted as a forage species that can escape to forests, prairies, fields, lawns, roadsides, railroad right-of-ways, and lightly disturbed areas. inermis . The awnless lemmas, from which the species derives its Latin name, distinguish Bromus inermis from both the introduced and similar Bromus erectus and from the native Bromus inermis subsp. It is a primary component of most hay productions. Unfortunately Smooth Brome started to invade the area and concern was raised it may reduce the habitat for the Yukon Draba. Smooth brome is rather invasive, making it a poor choice for wildlife plantings. ... awnless brome, Hungarian bromegrass. Estimates in the scientific literature of the number of species have ranged from 100 to 400. Although less invasive than Kentucky bluegrass, with which it often occurs and is managed, it is also less responsive to management. Smooth Brome, Bromus inermis is a major, cool-season, long-lived, perennial, sod-forming grass which reproduces from seed and spreads by creeping rhizomes. Life History/Ecology: Smooth brome is a cool season, perennial grass that can spread by seed and Dave Powell, USDA Forest Service (retired), Bugwood.org Chris Evans, University of Illinois, Bugwood.org Theodore Webster, USDA Agricultural Research Service, Bugwood.org Invasive Plants of Ohio, Fact Sheet 13: Smooth Brome… Smooth brome is the most widely used of the cultivated bromegrasses. Bit it often persists after cultivation and may infest succeeding crops, gardens and lawns. It is known to invade undisturbed sites. The numerous basal and stem leaves are smooth, under ½ inch wide and up to 8 inches long. (USDA Plant Fact Sheet) Lincoln is a southern type of Smooth Brome. Foliage The leaves have a fine texture and are alternate, 0.25-0.75 in. INVASION OF SMOOTH BROME INTO NORTH AMERICAN TALL-GRASS PRAIRIES: IMPACT ON NATIVE PLANT/HERBIVORE SPECIES AND MECHANISMS RESPONSIBLE FOR SUCCESSFUL INVASION A Dissertation Submitted to the Graduate Faculty of the Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of inermis – smooth brome Subordinate Taxa. The effects of invasive species on the patch dynamics (establishment, growth, and local extinction) of native species are not well studied, owing to the need for relatively fine-scale data on the distribution of species. Smooth bromegrass was widely used in the upper half of North America during the late 19th and early 20th centuries, with distinguishable northern and southern varieties. It is distributed throughout most of the states. [Online] Accessed: [09-05-2013]. Smooth brome is an important agricultural plant. Invasive plants have variable effects on net nitrogen cycling, but how invasion alters gross N cycling is poorly understood. Smooth brome is a cool-season perennial to 3 ft tall or more, with an extensive creeping rhizome system. “It is drought resistant” (Cook 1943). inermis var. Smooth brome is a widespread, invasive grass throughout western Canada, where its introduction has resulted in significant losses of above-ground plant biodiversity, up to 70% in some cases (Otfinowski, Kenkel & Catling 2007; Wilson & Pinno 2013). (Spring) Burn. [Online] Accessed: [09-05-2013]. ssp. Smooth Brome Bromus inermis Jan Feb March April May June July Aug Sept Oct Nov Dec 1 Management Techniques 1. Old stands may become sod-bound, producing many short, leafy stems but few or no seed heads. The strategy works particularly well for smooth brome because, at this time of the year, brome is by far the favorite food of cattle in our prairies. It establishes easily and rapidly, which has Introduced, Invasive, and Noxious Plants : Threatened & Endangered: Wetland Indicator Status : 50,000+ Plant Images ... Bromus inermis Leyss. This species is Introduced in the United States. Detailed Data; Photos of Smooth INVASIVE PLANTS OF OHIO Fact Sheet 13 Smooth Brome Bromus inermis DESCRIPTION: Smooth brome is a rhizomatous, cool-season perennial grass which can attain a height of 4 feet. This plant is a species at risk, endemic to the Yukon. During the fall of 2005 and spring of 2006, we implemented a restoration study at six native prairie sites in eastern South Dakota that have been invaded by smooth brome and Kentucky bluegrass. Yukon Invasive Species Council PO ox , Y infoyukoninvasives.com www.yukoninvasives.com Smooth Brome Bromus inermis Common Name: Smooth Brome Scientific Name: Bromus inermis Family: Poaceae Description Smooth brome is an important agricultural plant. Smooth bromegrass is long-lived, persistent and considered invasive. Smooth brome grass (Bromus inermis). Smooth Brome: A tiny white flowering plant, the Yukon Draba is growing in the Alsek Valley. Appearance Bromus inermis is a perennial grass that is 1-3.5 ft. (0.3-1.1 m) tall. Seeding objectives should be carefully considered before using in site rehabilitation contexts, or if transition to a native plant community is desired. Effective control measures are required for the invasive forage grass smooth brome in native prairie to maintain native prairie diversity and function. Found in 6 states at 10 Corps projects Click (number) to view projects per state. Bromus is a large genus of the true grass family (Poaceae), with about 160 species. (15.2-38.1 cm) long, glabrous, flat, and grayish blue on the upper surface and green on the lower surface. It is a persistent, nutritious hardy species that spreads through creeping rhizomes and by seed. Ohio Department of Natural Resources. Smooth Brome Bromus inermis, var. It has an aggressive rhizominous root system. This list rates the species in 5 categories from the most invasive (Category 1) to potentially invasive plants (Category 5) and a watch list of species. It is … “It is clear that the brome grass remains erect during the winter and acts as a snow trap” (Van der kamp et al 1999) . Smooth brome seed sown in late fall to early winter in central Utah germinated and produced roots and shoots under deep snow cover” (Howard 1996). Smooth bromegrass (Bromus inermis) is a cool-season grass introduced into the United States from Hungary in 1884. It has been cultivated in the United States since the early 1880s. Smooth brome is a grass that was introduced into the U.S. from Europe in the late 1800s and was widely established due to its resistance to depression-era droughts. 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