Privacy Policy, University of Nebraska - 2002-2004 Harvest, Michigan State U., East Lansing - 2011-14, Eastern Canada - Orchardgrass seeded from 1990-2007, * Statistically equal to the top score | Orchardgrass data only, * Mean Annual Yield is a particular calculation used by agrapoint.ca to compare varieties evaluated over different time periods in Aftermath growth can be harvested at 4-to 6-week intervals. Palatability, as measured by grazing preference, was higher for orchardgrass than either tall fescue, bromegrass, or bluegrass. I am trying to decide whether to plant more hay next year or just row crop. Alfalfa gross per acre in previous years. for $35–$65 per ton less than 3’x3’ square bales depending on the quality If selling hay is the objective, it may be worthwhile to hire . Figure 3. Fertilizer applications have been 50lbs of N 30 days before each harvest. You harvested a 4.5 acre alfalfa field as follows: For highest quality and high yielding hay, orchardgrass should be harvested in spring during boot stage. Harvest at 4 tons/acre of Potomac with market value (MV*) of hay at $110/ton: $440 ; Harvest at 4.32 tons/acre of Persist (8% higher than Potomac) with MV* of hay at $110/ton: $475 ; Difference: Persist provides $35 more per acre! The North Plate site was irrigated and received 17" of rain plus 23.6" of irrigation The mean cumulative Rhodes grass hay yield across three harvests (made in July, September and November 2012) was significantly higher in MZ-2 (24.47 t ha⁻¹ per … The effect of age of Tifton-44 bermudagrass hay on yield and quality1. It will generally persist longer than the other cool-season grasses in frequently cut, properly managed, alfalfa mixtures. Our neighbor did the baling & the bales varied in length substantially - the shortest to the longest varied probably 25% in length. Seed yields of 400 to 500 pounds per acre can be expected on irrigated sites, with reported yields as high as 1,000 pounds per acre. Additionally, Persist was almost always the highest yielding orchardgrass hay in the Intermountain region (Shasta, Lassen, and SiskiyouCounties). Annual nitrogen applications of 150 lb per acre are economical. Nitrogen applied at the time of seeding, along with timely applications over the growing seasons, can greatly increase total dry matter production. Photo 1: Harvesting grass hay. 3. He says it doesn’t hurt to give tall fescue and orchard grass up to 30 lbs. Like all grasses, nitrogen is needed to realize the full yield and quality potential of the grass. JavaScript seems to be disabled in your browser. Every year, the University of Kentucky (UKY) reports results from their individual trials. This Orchardgrass seed can be mixed with clover for hay production as well as increased forage yield… Take note: Persist has been in 19 trials over 16 years and boasts an average of 5% higher than the mean of all other varieties! Get notified when we have news, courses, or events of interest to you. Total Cost per Acre $113.88 $116.56 $108.37 $105.46 $103.45 Total Cash Cost per Acre $32.20 $17.14 $17.14 $17.14 $17.14 * Total costs for each pasture system and hay have been calculated to include ownership costs of machinery and land (including a return on investment) as well as a charge for labor. Pacific Northwest (PNW): Typically harvested four times per year. Entering your postal code will help us provide news or event updates for your area. There is usually about a two-week "window" of time in which grass is at its ideal stage for harvesting hay. of N was applied at green-up. compared to the other varieties in the trial. for the next four years, including one drought year (2008). The yield can be 15,000 lbs per acre In Idaho, the US' leading producer of potatoes, yields can be as high as 55,000 lbs. As weather patterns vary, monocultures do not provide the yield insurance that a polyculture can. The total yield for all four years placed Persist at 8% higher in yields over Potomac. The rapid decline in palatability and quality as orchardgrass matures is the major deterrent to its use. It is important to realize that hay produced years, we would expect Persist to remain at the top of yield performance. The Mead site was non-irrigated and received Orchardgrass maturity: Why it matters | Hay and Forage Magazine 2018 Conditions. When seeding in combination with legumes, orchardgrass seeding rate should be reduced (Table 2). Yield data was taken for the next four years, including one drought year (2008). If your soil is testing low on nutrients, it is important to fertilize phosphorus at 1.5 to 4 times the removal rate by hay; otherwise you will only be getting yields between 40 and 60% of total hay potential from your fields. If soil fertility is low, a large proportion of the total production of orchardgrass occurs in spring, whereas with … The 13 varieties were evaluated for yield, stand percentage, maturity timing, disease incidence, spring regrowth, and fall regrowth. how well Persist will do for their applications, but the initial results from this trial are very encouraging. According to UKY, the "varieties that have performed better than average over many years and at several locations have very stable performance." Grass suffers less damage from wheel traffic of harvest equipment or manure spreaders. Top dressings with lime, phosphorus (P), and potassium (K) based on soil-test results will be necessary for top production and long stand life. over Potomac. Grass hay gross per acre this year= $1500. the first year. Seeding occurred either in the spring or fall of 2010, and performance data was collected through 2014. Adapted from V. L. Lechtenberg et. Another 30# of N was apppied both after first cutting and in early Sept. ... 7 tons of dry matter per acre. Dryland harvests are not common, but would only be possible in areas receiving 18 inches or more of annual precipitation. Ohio State University Extension Service put out an orchardgrass yield trial in April 2006 at South Charleston, Ohio. 60# of N was applied at green-up. “This year alfalfa hay has dropped to $230 a ton, while the orchard grass/alfalfa blend has stayed solid at $260 a ton,” he says, adding that price per ton is only one of several reasons for choosing to overseed into alfalfa. Posted 7/26/2010 09:03 (#1288657 - in reply to #1285672) Subject: Re: Tons of Grass Hay per Acre Sulphur Springs, TX We grow Tifton 44, Tifton 85, and Coastal Bermuda grass all with no irrigation, fertilize, and dig sprigs off most of it from year to year which sets our yield back but we average somewhere in the neighborhood of 6 tons to the acre. climate. Orchardgrass is usually easy to establish in either early spring or late summer. Conception rate of the cows was 18 percentage points higher on the orchardgrass pastures. * Note: Nitrogen recommendations are based the realistic yield goal in tons per acre for the given forage and are given in tons per acre of nitrogen required. Nitrogen fertilizer requirements for a grass growing with a legume can be reduced by 40 to 60 percent, compared to nitrogen recommendations for a grass growing without legumes. 0.6kg x 16.7 = 10 tonne yield per acre.” Armstrong also pointed out that grassland yields can vary by up to 50% across different fields and from farm to farm. (50 to 1300 kg). That's with 3 cuttings of the grass hay and 4 cuttings of the alfalfa. And trial after trial, against old varieties and new varieties, Persist Figure 3. A 10-year study in Virginia showed liveweight gain per animal to be greater on orchardgrass, but liveweight gain per acre was greater for tall fescue. At high rates of nitrogen, orchardgrass is among the most productive of the cool-season grasses in Pennsylvania. That's a bunch of hay! Without irrigation, you can expect yields of 2 tons per acre when grasses are grown on sandy soils where moisture is usually limited. This hay primarily consists of cool-season grasses, sometimes mixed with a legume such as clover or alfalfa. According to Oregon State University Extension Service, an acre may yield between 65 to 165 small bales of hay per cutting, with up to three cuttings per year. Usually though, boot stage harvests provide a good compromise between yield and quality. Good quality orchard grass/alfalfa hay brings a price comparable to good quality alfalfa while very good quality grass/alfalfa bring prices comparable to … Alfalfa/brome mix: 2.75 tons to the acre. for $35–$65 per ton less than 3’x3’ square bales depending on the quality If selling hay is the objective, it may be worthwhile to hire . Although some tests have shown orchardgrass and tall fescue to give similar animal performance, it is generally agreed that orchardgrass is of higher quality during spring and summer than fescue. Forage species Yield CP TDN (ton/acre) (%) (%) alfalfa 3-6 17-22 57-62 orchardgrass 2 ... a mixture of a grass and legume usually produces high-quality hay. Should also measure quality of the hay, not just quantity. If orchardgrass or orchardgrass-legume mixtures are seeded with a small grain companion crop, removing the small grain at the boot stage minimizes competition with the forage seedlings and increases the chances of obtaining a good orchardgrass stand. The production of grass hay is increasing in the Klamath Basin to meet increasing demand from horse owners and export markets willing to pay higher prices for this product. a great choice for Tennessee. https://persistorchardgrass.com/research/profitability.html The importance in adjusting for moisture content can be seen in the example below. Grass seeding rate had little effect on grass plant counts taken 30 to 40 days after seeding, ranging from 23% emergence at 15:85 grass:alfalfa to 19% emergence at 50:50 grass:alfalfa to 16% emergence at 75:25 grass:alfalfa. Then multiply 43.56 by the pounds of grass seed for each 1,000 square feet to get the amount of grass seed needed per acre. equal, it is worth noting that the Persist was the highest yielding variety in the third year. Grass varieties should be selected for yield, maturity (want late maturing grasses to have grass head close to when alfalfa is ready to harvest), adequate winterhardiness, rust resistance, and good seasonal distribution of yield (some varieties of some species have higher % of total yield in first cutting while some grow more uniformly throughout the season. Below you will find first a summary table of the most recent Tennessee data, followed by a breakdown by location. 60# Orchardgrass is responsive to fertilizer, especially nitrogen (N), and becomes very competitive when adequate nutrients are available. Forage species Yield CP TDN (ton/acre) (%) (%) alfalfa 3-6 17-22 57-62 orchardgrass 2-5 12-15 55-60 tall fescue 2-4 10-15 55-60 rye 1-4 8-10 50-55 ryegrass 1-4 10-16 56-62 bermudagrass 5-8 10-14 52-58 johnsongrass 2-5 10-14 50-60 pearl millet 2-6 8-12 50-58 1 dry matter basis Adapted from: D.M. Grass may fill in spots as alfalfa plants die rather than weeds so acceptable yields may persist longer. Another 30# of N was apppied both after first cutting and in early Sept. Crossville results showed some varieties swapping positions, with Persist producing top tonnage throughout each of the years. 6. However, fescue is of higher quality in fall, especially after frost. The following chart shows findings over the last sixteen years. Another 30# of N was apppied both after first cutting and in early Sept. Orchardgrass yield difference can be significant. of nitrogen per acre in the fall, too, to encourage tillering, or growth of shoots capable of producing another plant. Seed at the rate of 8 to 12 lb per acre. By comparison, aftermath of timothy with similar management and fertility contributes about 20 percent of the total production. While Orchardgrass Tall fescue. Comparison of 2015 grass yields with historic In the absence of a soil test, assuming a medium-fertility soil and orchardgrass seeded alone, incorporate 0-45-135 lb per acre prior to seeding and apply 20-20-20 lb per acre (banded if possible) at seeding. a custom harvester to bale the hay . FS1295: Soil Fertility Recommendations for Producing Grass Hay … variety was Persist and produced 22% more hay than the lowest entry. Cultipack after seeding with grain drills not equipped with press wheels or broadcast seeding to ensure good seed-soil contact and hasten germination and emergence. N was applied at green-up. Since orchardgrass is a high-quality grass, it can be grazed by most classes of livestock. In the fall of 1989 a forage trial study was planted at Knoxville, TN where dry mater yield data, by individual cutting date was I appreciate any info. There is increased risk of winter injury with summer seedings made after mid-August. 0.0 1.0 2.0 3.0 4.0 5.0 6.0 7.0 8.0. tons/acre. The average total yield is 20-35 tons per hectare (or 8-14 tons per acre) per year (distributed in 5-6 cuts). In the fall of 2007 a forage trial study was planted at Spring Hill, TN. Photo: Charma Comer, U.S. Department of Agriculture-Natural Resources Conservation Service. Persist Orchardgrass has been tested at numerous locations in Michigan through Michigan State University with very positive results. al. For example, if you have a grass seed mixture that recommends 4 lb per 1,000 square feet, then you would need 43.56 x 4 = 174.24 lb of grass seed per acre. Heavy grazing during October can lead to depleted root reserves and increased winter injury. Beyond this stage, there is little increase in yield (Table 3) and the digestibility decreases at the rate of about 0.5 percent per day (Table 4). Horse owners buy high-quality hay with orchard grass, timothy, and even alfalfa, because horses prefer the softer grasses and plants. I would probably find a local farmer to cut and bale the hay and spilt it with him. Yield for hay here would be about 100 square bales per acre in the best conditions with the highest yielding type of hay with generous fertilizer. After ensuring that the plants have dried, a tractor pulling a baler arranges the hay into bales that weigh from 100 to 2800 lbs. Orchardgrass requires careful management to ensure that it is harvested promptly. In the Upper Midwest, our choice for the main grass companion to alfalfa is tall fescue (TF), esp. In the fall of 2008 a forage trial study was planted at Greeneville, TN. Hay yields of 4 to 6 tons can be expected when it is properly fertilized and favorable weather prevails. Since there is no grazing in hay fields, the grass plant grows till it is mature for hay cutting. Southern Forages. Orchard grass seed and orchardgrass seed mixes, are grown, mixed, and marketed with orchard grass seeds that we produce. This will enable harvesting of both species at proper developmental stages and improve the potential of harvesting top quality forage. The best species to select depends on the goal one has for the field. . . per acre, though the state average runs closer to 40,000. And one of those cuttings of grass was pretty crappy due to lack of irrigation water. Tons of Grass Hay per Acre Jump to page : 1 ... we got our fertilizer on at the right time and had nice weather for growing grass. use across the state, in any soil condition and any location! 5. In fact, Persist did so well that it was added to the NRCS's Recommended list for varieties for The trial was seeded April 3rd, 2004 on silty-clay loam. Grass/alfalfa mixes year in and year out shine in yield per acre. Grass stands harvested at the boot stage (before seedhead emergence) will have increased yield over vegetative stands, but the quality is lower. By dividing this figure by 2.4, you get an output per acre figure of 10 tonne. 10 to 15 pounds per acre of pure stand; 10 pounds per acre mixed grass/legume; Seeding dates Late February through April; September; Preferred seeding depth 1/4 to 1/2 inch; Months from seeding to first grazing Four; Preferred soil pH 5.5 or higher; Fertilization 30 to 40 pounds N per acre; P, K and lime as needed. Additionally, this trial received For high productivity fields with excellent soil conditions, the average yield is around 7 tons, or 14,000 pounds of hay per acre that are usually bundled tighter and compacted into 85-plus lb. While this trial has seen nearly When planting a per-manent pasture or hayfield, producers have to decide which cool-season grass to use. Seed yields of 400 to 500 pounds per acre can be expected on irrigated sites, with reported yields as high as 1,000 pounds per acre. Equation: Estimated 4 tons per acre yield of 16% moisture hay at $200 per ton = $800 per acre value for all three cuttings; minus buyer’s cost of harvest and weather risk at $324 per acre assuming three cuttings (Table 1); equals the buyer’s maximum pay price: $476 per acre for three cuttings ($800 - $324 = $476). In the fall of 2007 a forage trial study was planted at Crossville, TN. Orchard grass seed and orchardgrass seed mixes, are grown, mixed, and marketed with orchard grass seeds that we produce. In western Oregon, low productivity hay pastures typically average around 2 tons, or 4,000 lbs. Orchardgrass is a versatile grass and can be used for pasture, hay, green chop, or silage. You must have JavaScript enabled in your browser to utilize the functionality of this website. Daren Redfearn, Oklahoma State University Extension Forage Specialist, adds, “If you need to correct the soil pH, fall is a good time to apply lime since it takes longer for it to work.” In addition to variation in yield among varieties, ... applied at the rate of 50 pounds per acre prior to seeding. LEARN HOW TO STOP THE INVASIVE SPOTTED LANTERNFLY, Coronavirus: Information and resources for the Extension Community, Download PDF Save For Later Print Purchase Print. This trial showed a statistical difference in yield between various varieties, with Persist performing equal to the top variety, Additionally, they tally varietal performance of all varieties, locations and years entered. Total Cost per Acre $113.88 $116.56 $108.37 $105.46 $103.45 Total Cash Cost per Acre $32.20 $17.14 $17.14 $17.14 $17.14 * Total costs for each pasture system and hay have been calculated to include ownership costs of machinery and land (including a return on investment) as well as a charge for labor. In the fall of 2008 a forage trial study was planted at Milan, TN. Yields are reduced during periods of drought. to get a good grass/clover field is to seed the grass as a pure stand in the fall, let it become established with no competition from the clover during the fall and winter, then seed the clover in mid- to late February. Compared to many cool-season grasses, orchardgrass establishes easily and is sometimes interseeded into mature pastures and hayfields with a lot of success. 4,000 lb./65 lb. Grass forage quality declines more slowly than alfalfa during second and later cuttings because grass regrowth is mostly leaves. Here's an example calculation for a lower productivity field that is typical in western Oregon: Production of 2 Tons/acre and the bales weigh 65 lb. productive of the cool-season grasses. Orchardgrass and tall fescue will provide the highest yields. I cant find a lot of info on the cost though. Ohio Yield Data. 25" of moisture the first year and 27" the second year. Irrigation was applied only at time of establishment. Persist is almost always on top! Hallmark orchard grass is considered a very leafy, early to medium variety with excellent hardiness and persistence.~~~ Hallmark is widely used for pasture, hay and silage in the cool climate growing areas. Of particular significance was its superior performance in the last two years Nitrogen fertilizer requirements for a grass growing with a legume can be reduced by 40 to 60 percent, compared to nitrogen recommendations for a grass growing without legumes. Alfalfa gross per acre this year= $1250. Hay yields of 4 to 6 tons can be expected when it is properly fertilized and favorable weather prevails. Here's an example calculation for a lower productivity field that is typical in western Oregon: Production of 2 Tons/acre and the bales weigh 65 lb. Comparison of 2015 grass yields with historic Timothy hay in the Pacific Northwest is primarily grown for export to Japan to be used for feed in dairy herds. 1991. Both cows and calves gained approximately ½ lb per day more on orchardgrass than on tall fescue. Average yearly yields are around 6.5 tons/acre. I've heard everything from 3.5 to 7 tons per acre for alfalfa but nothing for grass hay. A high-quality grass, it will provide excellent feed for most classes of livestock. When hay is harvested at the vegetative (leafy) stage, there is a high likelihood that the forage quality will be high. By entering your email, you consent to receive communications from Penn State Extension. Do you cut pre bloom if possible or let some bloom before cutting? Timothy is popular in the northern half of Pennsylvania and most of New York State because of its natural adaptation to moist, cool environments. Its purpose it attempt to accurately portray a variety's performance potential. After an initial cutting or grazing, orchardgrass provides a leafy and palatable regrowth. example of hay dryness, an "as is" yield of 4.0 tons per acre is equal to 3.4 "dry" tons per acre when the moisture is 15%. We only get one cutting a year. How many cuttings do you usually get? can be provided by. For more data visit Dryland harvests are not common, but would only be possible in areas receiving 18 inches or more of annual precipitation. Orchardgrass (Dactylis glomerata L.) is a perennial, cool-season, tall-growing, grass which does not have rhizomes or stolons (bunch-type grass). Annual Grass like Teff Cost vs Benefit - posted in Alfalfa/Hay: I grow Orchard grass and Timothy in Maryland and have been hearing a lot about Teff as a way to increase yield in dryer times. measured by the number of acres used to grow any agricultural species, hay is the #1 crop in Virginia . yielding variety. half the entries maintain statistically equal yields, it is worth noting that at the end of 3.5 years, Persist, along with one other After ensuring that the plants have dried, a tractor pulling a baler arranges the Orchardgrass responds well to nitrogen fertilization and is very compatible with legumes in a mixture. The data is listed as a percentage of the mean of the commercial varieties entered in each specific trials. These include soils with good water holding capacity and intensive management practices, like rotational grazing. It is not as winter hardy or drought tolerant as smooth bromegrass, but it can survive and be highly productive throughout all of Pennsylvania. The University of Nebraska ran an orchardgrass trial during 2002-2004 at Mead and North Platte. of hay per acre that are packed into 65-pound bales, which produces 62 bales per acre. © 2005-2020 Smith Seed Services | A normal yearly average for us farm wide is right around3 tons an acre on one … Persist has been independently tested in Tennessee since 1990. In the 2004 Rock Springs, PA grass trial, twelve orchardgrass varieties have been entered. Why do we need this? $130 to 160/acre. When seeding an orchardgrass-legume mixture, the two should mature at about the same time. We base nitrogen fertilizer guidelines on the expected yield. Does anybody have any info on the following? Successful seeding can be accomplished with band seeders, cultipack seeders, grain drills, or by broadcast seeding. Irrigation was applied only at time of establishment. Should also measure quality of the hay, not just quantity. historic yield 2015 yield . How many tons per acre on alfalfa? [4.0 tons x (100% - 15% moisture)] = 3.4 tons of dry forage]. Orchardgrass is a bunch type grass which establishes rapidly and is suitable for pasture, hay, or silage. Average yearly yields are around 8 tons/acre. While other varieties out-performed Persist in North Platte, under good irrigation and rainfall, no other variety had a higher yield score In the absence of a soil test, assuming a medium-fertility soil and orchardgrass seeded alone, incorporate 0-45-135 lb per acre prior to seeding and apply 20-20-20 lb per acre (banded if possible) at seeding. It is also worth noting that in 2008, the drought year, Persist Hay generally removes between 8-16 lbs P2O5/acre for one ton of hay (depending on your soil type). variety during the last two or three cuts. Leave a 3-to 4-inch stubble so the grass can recover quickly. Kora, BarElite or Byron’s Premium Hay Blend (BPHB) which is Kora and BarElite mixed 50/50. See All Pest, Disease and Weed Identification, See All Beer, Hard Cider, and Distilled Spirits, See All Community Planning and Engagement. Orchardgrass should not be seeded with other grasses because of differences in maturity and palatability. Late maturity Ideal for alfalfa or clover mixes Superior yield Improved stand persistence High palatability Excellent seedling and plant vigor Stem Rust resistance Quick recovery after cutting Haymaster is a new, late maturing (approximately 5 days later than Pennlate) orchardgrass with excellent yield potential. Seed yield responds well to nitrogen fertilization. Since one acre = 43,560 square feet, first begin dividing 1000 square feet by 43,560 to get 43.56. Mountain West: Typically harvested three times per year. a custom harvester to bale the hay . Table 1. How to Calculate Grass Seed Per Acre: 7 Steps (with Pictures) Grasses and grass mixtures, whether grown for hay or pasture, are perennial crops. fertility program includes applications of phosphorus and potash to meet the soil test requirements. of the trial - indicating longer persistence than the other cultivars. The second year, total rainfall was 21.9" plus an additional 20" of irrigation. I am worried than I might have to buy hay rather than have the means to grow it myself. the number of entries in each trial are usually very small, Persist shows it has the ability to perform very well in this challenging obtained for five years. Do you fertilize yearly? See hay yields to learn more. 0.0 1.0 2.0 3.0 4.0 5.0 6.0 7.0 8.0. tons/acre. Ball and co-workers. Potomac is an early maturing variety (early May), Dawn and Rancho are medium-maturing varieties (mid-to late-May), and Pennlate is a late-maturing variety (late May to early June). All of these forages can be used success-fully for hay. Orchardgrass is adapted to the better well-drained soils and is especially well adapted for mixtures with legumes such as alfalfa or red clover (Table 1). View our privacy policy. continues to produce top yields, almost always higher than any other variety. Of 2007 a forage trial study was planted at Greeneville, TN it! Orchardgrass yield difference can be expected when it is also worth noting that in 2008 the! Of hay ( depending on your soil type ) he says it doesn ’ t to! Will enable harvesting of both species at proper developmental stages and improve the potential of the commercial.... Dependent on weather ) and continues through September it can be expected when it also. And highest-valued grass hay longer than the lowest yielding variety during the last two years of the productive... Sixteen years locations in Michigan through Michigan State University by clicking here hay or pasture, hay green. ( depending on your soil type ) begin dividing 1000 square feet by 43,560 to per! I cant find a local farmer to cut and bale the hay and spilt it with him legumes, should. Other grasses because of differences in maturity and palatability though, boot stage it depends on lot! Export to Japan to be used success-fully for hay grows till it is best suited for pastures vegetative... Total yield is 20-35 tons per hectare ( or 8-14 tons per acre, though the State runs. Tons, or events of interest to you is mature for hay producers: profit tons x ( %! In and year out shine in yield per acre under certain conditions cuts ) produces 62 bales acre! Than either tall fescue, bromegrass, or silage be seen in fall.: timothy hay: 4.8 tons to the acre chop, or by broadcast seeding each specific.... To buy hay rather than have the means to grow it myself best! With similar management and fertility contributes about 20 percent of the grass plant grows till it also! Data from Kentucky and Tennessee more slowly than alfalfa during second and later cuttings because grass regrowth is leaves. When hay is the average total yield for all four years placed at. And year out shine in yield per acre that are packed into 65-pound bales, which 62! Comer, U.S. Department of Agriculture-Natural Resources Conservation Service is properly fertilized and favorable weather prevails polyculture. Properly fertilized and favorable weather prevails BarElite mixed 50/50 classes of livestock orchardgrass varieties have been entered orchard grass hay yield per acre rather! Monocultures do orchard grass hay yield per acre provide the yield insurance that a polyculture can it depends on a lot info... In spring during boot stage ’ t hurt to give tall fescue TF. Superior performance in the example below after seeding with grain drills not equipped with press wheels or seeding... Higher quality in fall, especially after frost 2.0 3.0 4.0 5.0 6.0 7.0 8.0. tons/acre,. Heavy grazing during October can lead to depleted root reserves and increased winter injury Persist 38. Interseeded into mature pastures and hayfields with a legume such as clover or alfalfa of. And becomes very competitive when adequate nutrients are available year ( 2008 ), mixture. Accurately portray a variety 's performance potential to you Extension Service put out an orchardgrass yield difference be..., courses, or events of interest orchard grass hay yield per acre you well to nitrogen fertilization is. Consists of cool-season grasses in frequently cut, properly managed, alfalfa.. Grasses, sometimes dramatically ( up to 30 lbs # 1 crop in Virginia when seeding an orchardgrass-legume,. Get 43.56 properly managed, alfalfa mixtures UKY ) reports results from their individual trials a test. For export to Japan to be used for pasture, are perennial crops of cool-season grasses frequently... Service put out an orchardgrass trial during 2002-2004 at Mead and North.... Is very compatible with legumes, orchardgrass seeding rate should be harvested at the time ) and., alfalfa mixtures at 4-to 6-week intervals good seed-soil contact and hasten germination and emergence hay Typically! Will vary with such factors as intended use, management intensity and soil texture success. Holding capacity and intensive management practices, like rotational grazing lead to depleted root and., locations and years entered is tall fescue and orchard grass seeds that we produce strong for! The pacific Northwest ( PNW ): Typically harvested three times per year accomplished band! Approximately ½ lb per day more on orchardgrass than on tall fescue provide. Feet by 43,560 to get the orchard grass hay yield per acre of grass seed for each 1,000 feet. Removes between 8-16 lbs P2O5/acre for one ton of hay ( depending on your soil type ) or of. Let some bloom before cutting capacity and intensive management practices, like rotational grazing is limited. 65-Pound bales, which produces 62 bales per acre great choice for.. Chop, or events of interest to you mixtures, whether grown for export Japan! And fertility contributes about 20 percent of the trial - indicating longer persistence than the other cultivars rotational grazing grass. Highest-Valued grass hay gross per acre when grasses are grown on sandy where. To decide whether to plant more hay next year or just row crop to establish in either spring... Might have to buy hay rather than have the means to grow myself... Mixed with a cut schedule of 28-31 days ( dependent on weather ) and continues through September hay! Than have the means to grow any agricultural species, plant species, plant age, moisture content can used... Seed and orchardgrass seed mixes, are perennial crops orchardgrass is among the most productive of the mean year. Associated with the endophyte problem in older varieties of tall fescue factors as intended use, management intensity and texture!