It is found in Indonesia, on the islands of Sumatra, Batam and Galang in the Riau Archipelago, and Pulau Tebingtinggi and Great Natuna (Bunguran) in the Natuna Islands; in Malaysia on the Malay Peninsula and Pulau Tioman; in the southern peninsular of Thailand; and Singapore. Slow loris are found in South and Southeast Asia. An adept climber, it is mostly arboreal and likes tall trees. It has strong grasping hands and feet with opposable thumbs and big toes, allowing it to grip tree branches very tightly.  Its soft, thick, woolly fur ranges from light brown to deep reddish brown, with a lighter underside.  When sold as a pet it often will have its teeth pulled out to prevent injury to the owner.  Of its chromosomes, 22 are metacentric, 26 are submetacentric, and none are acrocentric.  Its population size is unknown and further studies need to be carried out to confirm their conservation status. Another threat is illegal poaching for the exotic pet trade. Retrieved April 9, 2009, from http://www.ecologyasia.com/verts/mammals/slow_loris.htm Baker, N., & Lim, K. K. P. (Project coordinators). The Sunda slow loris may grin or bare its teeth. Animal crimes - Other offenders. : RSEA 599.0959 FRA) Francis, C. M. (2007).  Its movement has been described as unique; similar to crawling, or as if it was climbing in every direction, the Sunda slow loris changes direction or moves between branches with little noise or change in speed. Dec 2004 : AVA officials raided a home in Ang Mo Kio and retrieved 26 exotic animals which included a slow loris, six star tortoises and two green iguanas. Retrieved April 9, 2009, from http://www.cites.org/eng/resources/species.html Davison, G. W. H., Ng, P. K. L., & Ho, H. C. Sunda slow loris at Mandai Subject: Sunda slow loris, Nycticebus coucang (Mammalia: Primates: Lorisidae). But their population has declined significantly and they are classified as "critically endangered" in The Singapore Red Data Book (2008), which lists the threatened plants and animals in the country.  Once it has lost its teeth, reintroduction to the wild is impossible. , CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, International Union for Conservation of Nature, "Table 2 b: taxonomic names and synonyms used by several authors: genus, species, subspecies, populations", 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2008.RLTS.T39759A10263403.en, "Vernacular names: English, French, German, others (countries of origin)", "Taxonomy of the Bornean slow loris, with new species, "Conservation implications of low encounter rates of five nocturnal primate species (, 10.1002/(SICI)1098-2345(1997)43:2<159::AID-AJP5>3.0.CO;2-W. "Social encounters in two prosimian species: "Freshwater fishes, terrestrial herpetofauna and mammals of Pulau Tekong, Singapore", "Potential Rediscovery of a Distinct Slow Loris Nycticebus (Mammalia: Strepsirrhini: Lorisidae) from Pulau Tioman", "Indonesia's Slow Lorises Suffer in Trade". Under the Act, anyone caught smuggling an endangered species like the slow loris is liable to be prosecuted in court and fined a maximum of S$50,000 for each animal and/or jailed for up to two years. It prefers rainforests with continuous dense canopies and has an extremely low metabolic rate compared to other mammals of its size. The Straits Times. This species of slow loris prefers to inhabit evergreen forests within its range. Habitat of the Slow Loris. Their exact habitat … From Wikipedia: The Sunda slow loris is nocturnal and arboreal, typically occurring in evergreen forests.  Unlike the Bengal slow loris, the Sunda slow loris does not show sexual dimorphism by weight. (Call no. (n.d.). It has roles in alerting others of the identity, physical state and position of the individual. Instead, he suggested that the type specimen was actually the Bengal slow loris, Lori bengalensis Lacépède, 1800. , The Sunda slow loris was first described (in part) in 1785 by the Dutch physician and naturalist Pieter Boddaert under the name Tardigradus coucang. It makes a buzzing hiss sound when disturbed. Habitat and Distribution It is native to Singapore, Malaysia, Thailand and Indonesia, inhabiting forests, gardens and plantations.  When it locates the scent of another slow loris it may rub its face on the substrate where the scent was found. , Sexual maturity is reached between the ages of 18 and 24 months in females, and can be reached by 17 months in males. Location, date and time: Singapore Island, Central Catchment Nature Reserve, western area of Mandai; 14 March 2015; 0000 hrs. Conservation Selling or keeping exotic pets such as slow lorises, gibbons, salamanders, snakes and tarantulas is illegal in Singapore. The white-collared kingfisher (Todiramphus chloris) is one of eight documented species of kingfishers in Singapore. Slow Loris feeds on fruits, small reptiles, small birds, and eggs. The slow loris can live in many types of vegetation from bamboo to suburban gardens. These primates live mostly in dense forests with lots of vegetation.  They are also known to feed on molluscs, including the giant land snail Achatina fulica, and birds' eggs. London: New Holland. , The Sunda slow loris is sympatric (shares its range) with the Bengal slow loris in Thailand and hybridisation has occurred. It measures 27 to 38 cm (11 to 15 in) from head to tail and weighs between 599 and 685 g (21.1 and 24.2 oz). Locals in these regions know the Sunda slow loris by other names. It gives birth to a single offspring, sometimes twins, after a gestation period of more than six months, following which the young will remain with the mother for up to nine months. There is usually a thick white stripe between the eyes and a dark ring around each eye. Retrieved April 13, 2009, from Factiva database. Its diet consists of sap, floral nectar, fruit and arthropods.  The Asiatic reticulated python, the changeable hawk-eagle and the Sumatran orangutan have been recorded as predators of the Sunda slow loris.  The female will hang from a branch and may vocalise. However, one 2002 analysis of pygmy slow loris feces indicated that it contained 98% insect remains and just 2% plant remains. Singapore: Draco Publishing and Distribution; Nature Society (Singapore). In today’s mini episode, when a Sunda slow loris lands in the garden, the Junior Rangers quickly learn that they have to return it to the wild. The slow lorises inhabit parts of the Yunan province of China, the northeastern states of India, and parts of Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, Burma, Bangladesh, Malaysia, Thailand, Brunei, the Philippines, Singapore, and Indonesia.  However, the primary method of predator avoidance is crypsis, whereby it hides. (n.d.). Retrieved April 9, 2009, from http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/39759 Kua, C. S., & Teh, J. L. (2004, November 7). (Call no. During the day, it sleeps in the forks of trees or in thick vegetation, curled up in a tight ball with its head between its thighs.  The fighting often results in serious injury. It measures 27 to 38 cm from head to tail and weighs between 599 and 685 g .  Both males and females will disperse in the wild, this occurs between 16 and 27 months. Chong, C. K. (2001, September 23). When stressed, infants may grin, while adults bear their teeth to show aggression or fear, but also during play. CITES and endangered species. The Straits Times. , Despite its slow metabolism rate, the Sunda slow loris has a high-energy diet.  It has been observed that reproductive patterns of captive prosimians in the northern hemisphere are altered. It is also nocturnal. A guide to the threatened animals of Singapore. I have feedback on this infopedia article: Sunda slow loris, Science and technology>>Zoology>>Endangered animals, Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals. Its tail is a mere stump, but it has well developed thumbs. (Call no. Slow loris quick bust.  The species is distinct from the Bengal slow loris due to the dark inverse teardrop markings around the eyes which meet the dark dorsal stripe on the back of the head. After they are caught, their sharp teeth are often cut or pulled out to prevent them from biting their owners. The Sunda slow loris (Nycticebus coucang) or greater slow loris is a strepsirrhine primate and a species of slow loris native to Indonesia, western Malaysia, southern Thailand and Singapore.It measures 27 to 38 cm (11 to 15 in) from head to tail and weighs between 599 and 685 g (21.1 and 24.2 oz).  It is also important in reproduction.  (At the end of 2012, the Bornean slow loris was itself divided into four distinct species. Kukang Sunda (Nycticebus coucang) nyaéta primata strepsirrhine jeung spésiés kukang pituin Indonésia, Malaysia kulon, Muangthai kidul, jeung Singapura.Panjang awakna 27–38 cm ti hulu ka buntut, beuratna 599-685 g. Kawas kukang lianna, irungna baseuh (rhinarium), huluna buleud, ceulina leutik nyumput dina bulu anu kandel, beungeut rata, panon gedé bolotot, sarta buntut anu sauted. ... Habitat: Seen in the Kerinci Seblat National Park, Sumatra, Indonesia. Sunda slow loris or greater slow loris (Nycticebus coucang) inhabits the rainforests of Indonesia, including Sumatra, Malaysia, Thailand and Singapore.Compared to other lorisidae, it is large, up to 38 cm, and can weigh up to 700 g. It has a characteristic of this family round head, large eyes, reflective film, small ears and a moist nose. , All slow loris species produce a toxin in glands on the insides of their elbows. Slow Loris Primates Mammals Vulnerable Species Forest Habitat Primates Mammals Vulnerable Species Forest Habitat  In June 2007 it was transferred from CITES Appendix II to Appendix I, indicating a true concern about the state of international trade in this species, an act now forbidden by international law.  With a greater purchasing power, the increasing human populations in the species' range could have an even more serious impact. Retrieved March 7, 2011, from NewspaperSG. (2008). There are currently eight recognized species of l… Endangered species--Singapore
A photographic guide to mammals of South-East Asia.  The Sunda slow loris has less white facial coloring than the much smaller pygmy slow loris. , The Sunda slow loris is further threatened by gathering for illegal traditional medicine. Slow loris--Singapore
 The interactions between these individuals are largely friendly; they include allogrooming, following, pant-growling, and click-calling, although social behaviors only make up around 3% of the activity budget. 14 September 1996, Great Shelford, England) was a renowned ... Chilli (Capsicum annuum L. and Capsicum frutescens L.) is a hot-tasting tropical berry belonging to the Solanaceae family. Please contact the Library for further reading materials on the topic. Singapore: Nature Society (Singapore). , The Sunda slow loris may fit into the monogamous single male/single female social system, though are mainly known to be solitary. Diet The Sunda Slow Loris is omnivorous. It varies in colour from pale grey-brown to reddish-brown, with a darker brown stripe stretching from the top of the head to the middle back or to the base of the tail.  It is polyestrous, having many periods of sexual receptivity during a year. (2009, February 13). (Eds.).  Like other lorises, it excretes a strong-smelling liquid from glands beneath its arms which is used in communication. The pygmy slow loris is found in the tropical dry forests of Vietnam and Laos, as well as parts of China and Cambodia. It produces a yellow secretion from glands on the insides of its elbow, which combines with saliva to form venom. , There are eight distinct call types made by Sunda slow loris adults, which can be divided into two categories: contact and contact-seeking calls such as whistles and short keckers (a social play and attention-seeking call), and aggressive and defensive calls such as long keckers, screams, snarls and grunts. They can survive on tree leaves and gum produced by some trees. It is adaptable and will also live in other types of habitat.  During estrus, females make whistle calls when in visual contact with a male. (1994).  The Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (SPCA) is Singapore’s first registered animal welfare organisation. It has a round head with a very short muzzle, small ears and large forward-facing eyes.  In Malaysia they are sometimes known as kongkang or kera duku; kera is Malay for monkey while duku is the fruit-bearing tree, Lansium parasiticum. The Sunda Loris (Nycticebus coucang) is a slow loris. The Lim Chu Kang district is located in the north of Singapore and is bounded by the Johor Straits, Kranji Reservoir ... Edred John Henry Corner (b. : RSING 574.529095957 SIN) Ng, P. K. L., Murphy, D. H., Lim, K. K. P., Chou, L. M., & Lane, D. J. W. (1995).  It may hang below a branch by one or both feet for long periods of time. Offenders Caught 1998 : A man who illegally kept two slow lorises, a crocodile, a python and several other animals in his home was fined S$7,200. De grote plompe lori ( Nycticebus coucang) of hoger plompe lori is een strepsirrhine primaat en een soort van slow loris afkomstig uit Indonesië, westelijk Maleisië, het zuiden van Thailand en Singapore.Meet 27-38 cm (11-15 inch) van kop tot staart en weegt tussen 599 en 685 g (21,1 en 24,2 oz). The Sunda slow loris is nocturnal and arboreal, typically occurring in evergreen forests.  It usually sleeps alone but has been observed to sleep with several conspecifics (individuals of the same species), including other adults. The facial markings and morphology of the Tioman slow loris are substantially different to mainland individuals, which hints at the potential distinctiveness of the population. Habitat . The forests that they choose include evergreen and deciduous forests. It is found in parts of Yunnan and southwest Guangxi, China, and has been recorded in Bangladesh’s Chittagong Hill Tracts. It will feed on exudates such as gum and sap by licking wounds in trees. The smallest species, the pygmy slow loris ( N. pygmaeus ), is restricted to forests east of the Mekong River and is about 25 cm (about 10 inches) long; the larger Sunda slow loris N. coucang inhabits peninsular Malaysia and the Indonesian island of Sumatra. The resulting fragmentation has restricted species dispersal as it depends on continuous canopy cover to move from tree to tree. Science and technology>>Zoology>>Endangered animals
Its X chromosome is submetacentric, and its Y chromosome is metacentric. The Sunda slow loris is found in continuous canopy tropical rainforests.  In 2001 Groves opined that there were three species (N. coucang, N. pygmaeus, and N. bengalensis), and that N. coucang itself had three subspecies (Nycticebus coucang coucang, N. c. menagensis, and N. c.  It is adaptable and will also live in other types of habitat. Nycticebus coucang. , The species has 50 chromosomes (2n=50), and it genome size is 3.58 pg. , Reproduction is one of the few times the Sunda slow loris aggregates with conspecifics, as it is largely solitary. : RSING 591.529095957 GUI) The information in this article is valid as at 2009 and correct as far as we are able to ascertain from our sources. Its body is covered with a dense coat of soft, short fur. The Sunda slow loris is found in continuous canopy tropical rainforests. Retrieved from http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/science/nature/6731631.stm Chong, C. K. (1999, January 15).  When exploring new environments and during handling, it makes ultrasonic vocalisations out of the human hearing range. Unlike other loris species, it remains in trees most of its life: while the Bengal slow loris will often sleep on the ground, the Sunda slow loris sleeps in a ball in branches or foliage. The species has the largest geographical range of all the slow loris species and is endemic to northeast India, Bangladesh and Indochina (Cambodia, Laos, Burma, Vietnam, South China and Thailand). Vosmaer gave it the French name "le paresseux pentadactyle du Bengale" ("the five-fingered sloth of Bengal"), but Boddaert later argued that it was more closely aligned with the lorises of Ceylon (now Sri Lanka) and Bengal. Saved by Sandra Waldron. Its tail is a mere stump.  It is also killed as a crop pest. Wild target. Slow loris. , Despite being presumed extinct in Pulau Tioman, records indicate that slow lorises may still inhabit the island. If threatened, lorises will roll into a ball, leaving nothing but toxic fur exposed to the predator. (Call no. The species is listed as endangered on the IUCN Red List. Slow loris.  Despite this, they are known to be generally sociable in captivity, with allogrooming being the most common social behavior. They used to be common in Singapore and were often captured as pets. The gland is licked to spread scent and is thought to have evolved for communication, but it is toxic to humans. The Sunda slow loris (Nycticebus coucang) or greater slow loris is a strepsirrhine primate and a species of slow loris native to Indonesia, West Malaysia, southern Thailand and Singapore. The slow lorises inhabit tropical and subtropical climate regions where they inhabit rainforests, bamboo, and mangrove forests. (2008). Its slow lifestyle may be due to the energy costs of detoxifying certain secondary plant compounds in many genera of food plants their diets. Retrieved March 7, 2011, from NewspaperSG. If the animal has lost its teeth, it cannot be reintroduced into the wild. It also suffers from habitat loss, which has been severe in the areas in which it is found. Preliminary results of studies on the pygmy slow loris indicate that its diet consists primarily of gums and nectar (especially nectar from Saraca dives flowers), and that animal prey makes up 30–40% of its diet. Singapore: Singapore Science Centre. 5. Their combined range extends from northeast India to Indochina in the east to the Sulu Islands (the small, southern islands of the Philippines) and to the island of Java in the south (including Borneo, Sumatra and many other smaller islands). It also consumes gums and arthropods such as spiders and insects. The species is polyoestrous, usually giving birth to a single offspring after a gestation period of 192 days. Baker, N. (n.d.). However it can move quickly when necessary, such as when catching prey. ):46, When Étienne Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire defined the genus Nycticebus in 1812, he made the Sunda slow loris the type species. phylum Chordata subphylum Vertebrata class Mammalia order Primates suborder Strepsirrhini family Lorisidae genus & … , Females in estrus are followed by males, with copulation initiated by the female. It measures 27 to 38 cm (11 to 15 in) from head to tail and weighs between 599 and 685 g (21.1 and 24.2 oz). Their big eyes and cuddly appearance make slow lorises particularly appealing as pets. coucang. Too cute for comfort.  Where home ranges overlap, spatial groups are formed. Scientific Classification. Exceptions include the crows, pigeons and mynas commonly seen in Singapore. It is one of several species of slow lorises, all of which occur in Asia. The New Paper. , The gestation period averages 192.2 days, after which one young is born, although twinning has been observed. Lemuriens.  Because they rely on crypsis to avoid predators, they do not make alarm calls.  This was questioned in 1921 by British zoologist Oldfield Thomas, who noted that there was some confusion over which specimen was used as the type specimen. A Sunda slow loris climbs, upside down, along a tree branch. Retrieved April 13, 2009, from http://www.bbc.co.uk/nature/wildfacts/factfiles/330.shtml Black, R. (2007, June 8). Slow lorises are among the few mammals in the world known to have a poisonous bite. The black-naped oriole (Oriolus chinensis) is a bird from the oriole family. Social behavior makes up a very small part of the activity budget, though it has monogamous mating system with the offspring living with the parents. In 2002, it was one of five birds ... Punggol Zoo was Singapore’s first full-size public zoo and bird park, and the first to be known as the Singapore Zoo. , Between 1800 and 1907, several other slow loris species were described, but in 1953 the primatologist William Charles Osman Hill, in his influential book, Primates: Comparative Anatomy and Taxonomy, consolidated all the slow lorises into a single species, N. It is one of several species of slow lorises, all of which are found in Asia. A field guide to the mammals of South-East Asia. The fur is reported to heal wounds, the flesh to cure epilepsy, eyes are used in love potions, and the meat is reported to cure asthma and stomach problems. It is found in Indonesia, on the islands of Sumatra, Batam and Galang in the Riau Archipelago, and Pulau Tebingtinggi and Great Natuna (Bunguran) in the Natuna Islands; in Malaysia on the Malay Peninsula and Pulau Tioman; in the southern peninsular of Thailand; and Singapore.  This may cause dental infections which have up to a 90% death rate. It is known from 24 protected areas in Vietnam a… Retrieved March 7, 2011, from NewspaperSG. The Sunda slow loris (Nycticebus coucang) or greater slow loris is a strepsirrhine primate and a species of slow loris native to Indonesia, western Malaysia, southern Thailand and Singapore. Subject identified by: Contributors and Kelvin K. P. Lim.  There was further confusion during the 1800s when Boddaert's Tardigradus coucang was routinely mistaken for Carl Linnaeus' Lemur tardigradus – a species he had described in the 10th edition of Systema Naturæ (1758) The fact that Lemur tardigradus was actually a slender loris remained obscured until 1902, when mammalogists Witmer Stone and James A. G. Rehn finally cleared the air. These groups consist of one male, one female and up to three younger individuals. The Singapore red data book: Threatened plants & animals of Singapore. 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